Most of the parents prefer using diapers in the early stages. Others rush the baby to the toilet every time they anticipate a bowel or bladder movement. Usually by the time the baby is 18 months of age, it knows when it needs to use the toilet and gets itself there successfully. This is very individualistic, as some babies may not be ready to use the potty till 3 to 4 years of age too. It requires a keen observation by the parents on the baby's cognitive and behavioural signs that show he may be ready for potty training.
Potty training is a big step for parents and kids alike and the key to success lies in patience and perseverance!
Timing is essential in potty training. In cases where the infant has newly joined school, or a day care centre, or a new locality, it may take some time for him to start getting used to the potty.
Also if you have started with the training and the baby isn't adapting to it even after several weeks, it may be a sign that he isn't ready yet.
Potty training is a gradual tedious process. Always be prepared for any eventuality.
Know when to stop. Also you never know what method will work best.
Patience is the key in potty training. Some children do not need much pushing and they master the techniques in a few days itself. Others may require lots of coaxing and cajoling. Always be generous with the praise for a job well done!
In spite of several gentle reminders and words of encouragement, your child refuses, back off and give him more time. He will learn eventually in his own time frame.
Another important thing is to not scold the child for wetting his bed or soiling his pants. It is just the beginning. Your child is still learning the concept of holding back his urine/stools till he reaches the potty. Scolding him will only result in more unwanted events, whereas a gentle approach puts the child on the right track.